Judge orders DNR to leave farmer alone

Farm-to-Consumer Legal Defense Fund
March 5, 2014

Two years after suing the Michigan Department of Natural Resources over the legality of its swine Invasive Species Order (ISO), Mark Baker is now free to raise and sell his hybrid heritage breed pigs. In a February 26, 2014 hearing, less than two weeks before a scheduled March 11, 2014 trial date, DNR backed off its prior position that Baker’s pigs were illegal, in order to avoid the trial.

Mark Baker and his pigs / Image via: BakersGreenAcres.com
Mark Baker and his pigs / Image via: BakersGreenAcres.com
During the hearing Assistant Attorney General Harold Martin stated to Judge William Fagerman that Baker’s Russian Boar hybrids do not violate the ISO. With the pigs’ legality no longer in dispute, the judge granted the department’s motion to dismiss Baker’s lawsuit. Even though Baker’s pigs are now legal, he lost the opportunity to challenge the constitutionality of the ISO for more than 2000 other Michigan heritage breed hog farmers. The judge dismissed the case with prejudice, meaning the DNR cannot take any future action against Baker for the pigs he is now raising on his farm.

In December 2011, DNR issued a Declaratory Ruling prohibiting the possession of various swine, including the “Russian wild boar.” In the ruling DNR stated that pigs would be prohibited based on their physical characteristics; a pig with a straight tail could be prohibited and so could a pig with a curly tail. Baker filed suit on February 23, 2012, challenging the legality of the ISO and the Declaratory Ruling, and continued raising Russian Boar hybrids after the order went into effect on April 1, 2012. Among the reasons Baker chose to cross breed the Russian Boar with his free-range Mangalitsa pigs was to improve their ability to survive the harsh Michigan winters.

DNR counter-sued Baker, and until recently, was seeking fines of $10,000 for each of the 70 “illegal” pigs the department claimed the farmer had. DNR also sought a court order to destroy the pigs. On February 26, 2014 DNR reversed its position and suddenly the pigs the department sought to condemn were now legal.

“DNR changed its position because it did not want a trial focusing on the merits of the Declaratory Ruling,” says Pete Kennedy, President of the Farm-to-Consumer Legal Defense Fund. “For two years, DNR has said the Bakers’ pigs are illegal, then two weeks before trial, they say the pigs are okay. Why didn’t the state take this position two years ago? The state should compensate the Bakers for the losses it has caused the farm.”

Before the ISO went into effect, the farm’s Mangalitsa pork was highly prized by local chefs and consumers. After the order, Baker lost access to USDA facilities to process his pork. The ISO not only cost Baker his pork sales to restaurants, but other farm products as well.

Baker’s case has already made an impact beyond Michigan. In January the Indiana Board of Animal Health amended a regulation on wild hogs that partly based their legality on physical characteristics to clarify that the regulation did not apply to hogs raised on a farm.

DNR’s court battles over the ISO are not done yet. A Marquette County judge is scheduled to rule on a challenge to the ISO from another farm within the next couple of weeks.

The Farm-to-Consumer Legal Defense Fund provided funding for Mark Baker’s legal representation in the case. For more information on the case go to www.BakersGreenAcres.com and www.farmtoconsumer.org/Mark-Baker.


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