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Patriot Act expansion would let FBI bypass judges

Associated Press | May 18, 2005

Alex reported this in early 2003 and won the 2004 Project Censored award.

The chairman of the Senate Intelligence Committee is working on a bill that would renew the Patriot Act and expand government powers in the name of fighting terrorism, letting the FBI subpoena records without permission from a judge or grand jury.

Much of the debate in Congress has concerned possibly limiting some of the powers in the anti-terrorism law passed 45 days after the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001.


Alex Jones' Analysis of Patriot Act Legislation

Senate Intel Cmte set for secret PATRIOT Act expansion

GOP Aides Say New Patriot Act Obliges Bush

But the measure being written by Sen. Pat Roberts, R-Kan., would give the FBI new power to issue administrative subpoenas, which are not reviewed by a judge or grand jury, for quickly obtaining records, electronic data or other evidence in terrorism investigations, according to aides for the GOP majority on the committee who briefed reporters Wednesday.

Recipients could challenge the subpoenas in court and the Bush administration would have to report to Congress twice a year exactly how it was using this investigatory power, the aides said.

The administration has sought this power for two years, but so far been rebuffed by lawmakers. It is far from certain that Congress will give the administration everything it wants this year.

Roberts' planned bill also would make it easier for prosecutors to use special court-approved warrants for secret wiretaps and searches of suspected terrorists and spies in criminal cases, the committee aides said.

Eight expiring sections of the law that deal with foreign intelligence investigations would become permanent, they said.

So, too, would a provision that authorizes wiretapping of suspected terrorists who operate without clear ties to a particular terrorist network.

The aides spokes on condition of anonymity because Roberts has yet to make public the bill's contents.

Opponents of expanding the Patriot Act said Roberts' proposal would amount to an expansive wish list for the administration.

"While we're fighting to bring provisions ... back into balance with the Bill of Rights, here we have the intelligence committee moving to give the government more power outside the judicial system to gain access to records of Americans," said former GOP Rep. Bob Barr of Georgia, a critic of the law.

Lisa Graves, the American Civil Liberties Union's senior counsel for legislative strategy, said the new subpoena power would "be a dramatic expansion of secret search powers."

Attorney General Alberto Gonzales and other administration officials have been adamant that the expiring provisions become permanent, with few changes.

They also have pushed for the administrative subpoena power, which they say prosecutors already are using in health care fraud and other criminal cases.

Justice Department officials have been consulted on the legislation and offered technical advice, department spokesman Kevin Madden said.

"The Department of Justice appreciates that the Senate Intelligence Committee has signaled their intention to support provisions that enhance law enforcement's ability to combat terrorism effectively," Madden said.

Committee aides said the committee planned to meet in private when it considers the bill because the discussions would involve intelligence operations.

Barr said he was distressed that the committee "would do something like this in secret."

Sen. Jay Rockefeller, D-W.Va., the panel's senior Democrat, has not said publicly whether he would support the entire bill that Roberts was working on or seek changes.

GOP Aides Say New Patriot Act Obliges Bush

Reuters | May 17, 2005

WASHINGTON - A Senate committee said on Tuesday it would start the process of renewing the USA Patriot Act, which expanded security powers after the Sept. 11 attacks, but ran into criticism for holding the meetings in secret.

The Senate Select Committee on Intelligence said it would hold a closed markup session on Thursday, the first legislative step toward a reauthorization vote long sought by Republicans including President Bush.

The American Civil Liberties Union accused the committee of rushing the process and said lawmakers could use their secret proceedings to enhance the Bush administration's subpoena powers and its authority to conduct searches and surveillance.

Sarah Little, spokeswoman for the Republican chairman of the committee, Sen. Pat Roberts of Kansas, said the meeting was closed "because they will discuss actual intelligence operations and how the Patriot Act applies to those operations."

But ACLU Executive Director Anthony Romero said in a statement: "One reason that people across the political spectrum are concerned about the Patriot Act is that so much of it is shrouded in secrecy."

"Now, lawmakers are trying to keep legislation to reauthorize the Patriot Act secret as well," he added.

The Patriot Act, regarded warily by civil libertarians on both ends of the political spectrum, expanded the government's police powers in the wake of the 2001 attacks.

Lawmakers who approved the legislation also required 16 of its most controversial sections to expire on Dec. 31, 2005, unless renewed by an act of Congress.

The markup session provides the 15-member committee with a venue to consider a reauthorization bill that could then be voted out for the full Senate's consideration.

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