On Monday the European states of Slovakia and Austria reinstated border checks. The move follows a closing of the border over the weekend by Germany.
Germany says the situation is the worst refugee crisis since the end of the Second World War. It is now reappraising its open arms policy toward immigrants.
Austria plans to deploy the army to stem the influx of refugees from Syria, the greater Middle East and Africa.
Refugees are attempting to cross the border as Hungary plans to arrest illegal immigrants on Tuesday.
“Illegal border crossings will no longer be misdemeanors but felonies punishable with prison terms or bans,” declared Hungary’s prime minister, Viktor Orban.
The Netherlands is also stepping up border checks along its border with Germany.
“We have to pull ourselves together today; if not, Europe will be torn apart,” said Luxembourg minister Jean Asselborn prior to a European Union meeting on the crisis in Brussels.
It is expected EU governments will support the creation of large refugee camps in Italy and Greece and also attempt to establish camps outside of Europe for refugees.
Bureaucrats in Europe are concerned that many of the people entering the continent are economic immigrants, not asylum seekers from war torn Syria.
“We need better controls in general, because we have determined that in recent days, many of those on the move are really not refugees,” said Joachim Herrmann, the Bavarian interior minister.