Diabetes starts to shrink the brain in middle-age and causes accelerated mental decline in retirement, research suggests.

Scientists found elderly people with type 2 diabetes experienced a significant decline in memory and verbal fluency over a five-year period.

Alarmingly, they found the participants – who were aged 68 on average at the beginning of the study – were already showing signs of damage to their brains which they believe had started many years before.

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