Members of the European Parliament are this week set to vote on the controversial Passenger Name Record (PNR) system which would allow for the mass collection of air travelers’ details, which critics say is a breach of privacy and human rights.
Plans to introduce PNR for all EU airline travelers were deferred in early March, following an argument between European Parliament lawmakers, with the chief negotiator accusing left-wing parties of “playing games” with counterterrorism legislation.
— Timothy Kirkhope MEP (@TimKirkhopeMEP) 12 April 2016
The controversial mass data collection has brought criticism from civil rights groups who say the mass collection of data is a breach of the right to privacy and will not, in any case stop terrorism. The PNR data handed over by the airlines will be retained for five years. For the first six months, the data will be “unmasked” to include personal identifying information, after which the data will then have to be “masked out” for the remaining four and a half years.
— ALDE Group (@ALDEgroup) April 12, 2016
Human Rights Concerns
The PNR legislation was due to go to a final vote in the European Parliament, but the motion was delayed after the Socialists & Democrats, the Liberals & Democrats, the European United Left, the Greens, the Freedom and Direct Democracy and the Europe of Nations & Freedom ENF groups, all voted against.
“It’s been five years in the making with many setbacks and much negotiation PNR will provide us with a vital way of detecting foreign fighters, drug traffickers and serious criminals. The patterns of behavior that can be picked up from PNR data have proven invaluable in the UK where a national PNR system is in place,” said British Conservative MEP Timothy Kirkhope, the EP rapporteur on the proposal.
France pushed for the introduction of Passenger Name Records, following the November 13, 2015 attacks in Paris, which killed 130 and injured hundreds more. PNR would allow for the collection and retention, for a period of time, of all data associated with air travelers in the EU. However — despite having the backing of EU Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs Committee — the proposal has stalled in the European Parliament over privacy and human rights fears.
— European Parliament (@Europarl_EN) 12 April 2016
Following the attacks in Brussels, French President François Hollande called an emergency meeting with Prime Minister Manuel Valls and the Ministers of Interior and Defense, Bernard Cazeneuve and Jean-Yves Le Drian. Valls said afterwards: “We are at war,” and called for the rapid introduction of the PNR scheme as a counterterrorism measure for Europe. A similar system was adopted in the US following 9/11.
However, the European Data Protection Supervisor Giovanni Buttarelli in December 2015, warned that: “The complex challenges this poses for law enforcement agencies, must not be an excuse for the disproportionate processing of personal data.”