The federal government collected record amounts of both individual income taxes and payroll taxes through the first ten months of fiscal 2017 (Oct. 1, 2016 through the end of July), according to the Monthly Treasury Statement.
Through July, the federal government collected approximately $1,312,691,000,000 in individual income taxes.
At the same time, it collected $976,278,000,000 in Social Security and other payroll taxes.
Prior to this year, fiscal 2015 held the record for individual income tax collections through July. That year, the Treasury collected $1,309,431,860,000 (in constant 2017 dollars) in individual income taxes in the first ten months of the fiscal year.